Improve the Governance for Energy Efficiency
WB6 Sustainability Charter Monitoring Report
Energy Community Secretariat
Removing legal and regulatory barriers through amending or developing new legislation that will enable and promote ESCO (“energy service companies”) contracts, thus developing energy services markets (June 2017)
The 2nd National Energy Efficiency Action Plan was adopted in December 2017, albeit with considerable delay. The plan includes measures to support the development of model contracts and the market for energy services.
The 2015 Energy Efficiency Law introduced the ESCO concept and energy performance contracting. However, the adoption of the by-law to introduce ESCO market procedures and model contracts, and establishment of the energy efficiency fund to support ESCO projects in the public sector are still pending.
The model contracts and legal gap analysis have been drafted in March 2018 with international technical assistance. PPP legislation should be improved to introduce energy efficiency criteria and facilitate ESCO service contracting in the public sector. Multi-annual budgeting should be allowed by the Ministry of Finance.
Fully implementing the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, especially in area of setting minimum energy performance standards as a pre-requisite for large scale buildings rehabilitation programmes (June 2017)
Following the entry into force of the Law on Energy Performance of Buildings in November 2016, there was little progress with respect to the adoption of secondary legislation to enable the Directive’s implementation.
In 2017, energy efficiency in buildings, previously falling under the responsibility of several institutions, was brought under the competence of the newly established Ministry of Infrastructure and Energy.
In November 2017, the Ministry established a technical working group to prepare a methodology for calculating the energy performance of buildings, minimum energy performance requirements and certification procedures. The working group is supported by the Secretariat.
Establishing well-targeted programmes for public and residential buildings rehabilitation to the minimum energy performance and beyond, with particular focus on increasing the use of locally available renewable energy sources (decentralized solar-thermal heating, efficient biomass heating, high efficient heat pumps etc.) (March 2018)
The focus of the 2nd National Energy Efficiency Action Plan is the buildings sector and measures for public and residential buildings rehabilitation. It also envisages a 2% annual renovation rate of central government buildings. However, only a limited number of renovation projects has been implemented to date.
Local banks started providing credit lines for energy efficiency measures in the residential sector. The recently established Energy Efficiency Agency and planned Energy Efficiency Fund should contribute to the implementation of this measure.
Assessing in detail the possibilities for developing new or converting existing district or central heating and cooling systems using renewable energy, such as biomass or geothermal (November 2018)
Albania has no district heating or cooling systems. There was no progress with respect to the transposition and implementation of the relevant provisions of Directive 2012/27/EU on Energy Efficiency, i.e. adoption of a methodology and carrying out of a comprehensive national assessment of the potential for the application of high-efficiency cogeneration and efficient district heating and cooling. Albania should amend the 2015 Energy Efficiency Law to include these requirements.
Analysing options for the establishment of appropriate financing mechanisms, including a state level fund for co-financing of energy efficiency measures in line with the Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU, especially for the public sector (June 2018)
The regulation on the national energy efficiency fund to support the implementation of the Energy Efficiency Action Plan, as required by the 2015 Energy Efficiency Law, was drafted, but its adoption is pending. Besides the Fund, Albania should establish additional financing mechanisms to support energy efficiency investments (including energy efficiency criteria in public procurement and private sector investments/ESCOs) and better utilise available financing provided by regional assistance programmes.
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